2019 MOE Taiwan Scholarship

Tujuan dari Program Beasiswa Taiwan ini adalah untuk mendorong mahasiswa berprestasi untuk meneruskan jenjang pendidikan di Taiwan. Jika anda berminat mengajukan, silakan terlebih dahulu membaca Taiwan Scholarship Program Guideline (Lampiran1).
1. Periode pengajuan aplikasi : 1 Februari sampai dengan 31 Maret 2019.
2. Dokumen yang diperlukan :
(1) Formulir aplikasi beasiswa (Lampiran 2)
(2) Fotokopi paspor dan kartu keluarga
(3) Fotokopi ijasah dan transkip nilai pendidikan terakhir yang telah keluar
(4) Fotokopi formulir yang digunakan saat mendaftar ke universitas
(Contoh Fotokopi bukti transfer uang pendaftaran, formulir pendaftaran universitas, fotokopi bukti tanda terima aplikasi pendaftaran, email )
(5) Fotokopi sertifikat kemampuan bahasa:
Program studi yang TIDAK menggunakan bahasa Inggris :
Fotokopi sertifikat “Test of Chinese as a Foreign Language” (TOCFL) dengan minimal tingkat menegah (L3). Tidak menerima sertifikat lain selain TOCFL.
Program studi bahasa Inggris (lampiran 3):
Fotokopi sertifikat TOEFL/ TOEIC/IELTS atau sertifikat kemampuan bahasa Inggris lainnya dari Instansi yang sudah diakui internasional.
(6) Dua buah surat rekomendasi yang sudah di tanda tangani dan tertutup rapat dalam amplop.
(contoh dari Kepala Sekolah, Rektor, Dekan, Profesor atau Supervisor). Surat rekomendasi dalam bentuk email atau fotokopi tidak berlaku
3. Jumlah beasiswa yang diberikan:
- Tunjangan biaya hidup :
Untuk S1 akan diberikan sebesar NT$ 15.000,- ( setara USD$500 )/bulan
Untuk S2 dan S3 akan diberikan sebesar NT$ 20.000,- ( setara USD$ 666 )/bulan
- Biaya Kuliah dan biaya akademis lainnya :
Menteri Pendidikan Taiwan akan memberikan subsidi sebesar NT$ 40.000,-/semester untuk setiap mahasiswa. Apabila biaya yang dibutuhkan melebihi NT$ 40.000,-, maka kelebihan biaya ditanggung sendiri oleh penerima beasiswa.
- Penerima beasiswa membayar sendiri :
Biaya administrasi, biaya penasihat tesis, premi asuransi, biaya akomodasi dan biaya internet.
4. Durasi beasiswa :
a. Program S1: Maksimal 4 tahun.
b. Program S2: Maksimal 2 tahun.
c. Program S3: Maksimal 4 tahun.
d. Total durasi penerima beasiswa dapat menerima beasiswa : 5 tahun.
5. Pendaftar beasiswa WAJIB untuk melakukan pendaftaran langsung terlebih dahulu ke universitas
6. Pengumuman beasiswa :
TETO akan mengumumkan daftar penerima beasiswa sebelum 31 Mei 2019.
7. Lampiran 1: Taiwan Scholarship Program Guideline
8. Lampiran 2: Formulir Pendaftaran Beasiswa Taiwan
9. Lampiran 3: Program studi bahasa Inggris
10. Hubungi kami : beasiswa@teto.or.id
Lampiran bisa diambil di www.studiditaiwan.org
Dokumen aplikasi beserta dokumen lainnya dapat dikirimkan ke :
Kantor Taipei Economic and Trade Office
Gedung Artha Graha lt.17, Jl. Jend Sudirman kav 52-53, SCBD, Jakarta 12190
( dituliskan untuk aplikasi beasiswa XXX )

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writing a problem statement

Key takeaways:
  • A statement of the problem is used in research work as a claim that outlines the problem addressed by a study.
  • A good research problem should address an existing gap in knowledge in the field and lead to further research.
  • To write a persuasive problem statement, you need to describe (a) the ideal, (b), the reality, and (c) the consequences
Simply ace your problem statement. Click here to get access to all resources that will help you with this article as you read ahead.
Editorial note: This article was updated with the addition of a downloadable template, which can be found at the end of the article. 
Research is a systematic investigative process employed to increase or revise current knowledge by discovering new facts. It can be divided into two general categories: (1) Basic research, which is inquiry aimed at increasing scientific knowledge, and (2) Applied research, which is effort aimed at using basic research for solving problems or developing new processes, products, or techniques.
The first and most important step in any research is to identify and delineate the research problem: that is, what the researcher wants to solve and what questions he/she wishes to answer. A research problem may be defined as an area of concern, a gap in the existing knowledge, or a deviation in the norm or standard that points to the need for further understanding and investigation. Although many problems turn out to have several solutions (the means to close the gap or correct the deviation), difficulties arise where such means are either not obvious or are not immediately available. This then necessitates some research to reach a viable solution.
A statement of the problem is used in research work as a claim that outlines the problem addressed by a study. The statement of the problem briefly addresses the question: What is the problem that the research will address?
What are the goals of a statement of the problem?
The ultimate goal of a statement of the problem is to transform a generalized problem (something that bothers you; a perceived lack) into a targeted, well-defined problem; one that can be resolved through focused research and careful decision-making.
Writing a statement of the problem should help you clearly identify the purpose of the research project you will propose. Often, the statement of the problem will also serve as the basis for the introductory section of your final proposal, directing your reader’s attention quickly to the issues that your proposed project will address and providing the reader with a concise statement of the proposed project itself.
A statement of problem need not be long and elaborate: one page is more than enough for a good statement of problem.
What are the key characteristics of a statement of the problem?
A good research problem should have the following characteristics:
  1. It should address a gap in knowledge.
  2. It should be significant enough to contribute to the existing body of research
  3. It should lead to further research
  4. The problem should render itself to investigation through collection of data
  5. It should be of interest to the researcher and suit his/her skills, time, and resources
  6. The approach towards solving the problem should be ethical
What is the format for writing a statement of the problem?
A persuasive statement of problem is usually written in three parts:
Part A (The ideal): Describes a desired goal or ideal situation; explains how things should be.
Part B (The reality): Describes a condition that prevents the goal, state, or value in Part A from being achieved or realized at this time; explains how the current situation falls short of the goal or ideal.
Part C (The consequences): Identifies the way you propose to improve the current situation and move it closer to the goal or ideal.
Here is an example:
Example 1
Part A: According to the XY university mission statement, the university seeks to provide students with a safe, healthy learning environment. Dormitories are one important aspect of that learning environment, since 55% of XY students live in campus dorms and most of these students spend a significant amount of time working in their dorm rooms.
Part B: Students living in dorms A B C, and D currently do not have air conditioning units, and during the hot seasons, it is common for room temperatures to exceed 80 degrees F. Many students report that they are unable to do homework in their dorm rooms. Others report having problems sleeping because of the humidity and temperature. The rooms are not only unhealthy, but they inhibit student productivity and academic achievement.
Part C: In response to this problem, our study proposes to investigate several options for making the dorms more hospitable. We plan to carry out an all-inclusive participatory investigation into options for purchasing air conditioners (university-funded; student-subsidized) and different types of air conditioning systems. We will also consider less expensive ways to mitigate some or all of the problems noted above (such as creating climate-controlled dorm lounges and equipping them with better study areas and computing space).
Bonus content for signed-in users
Simple four-step guide to writing a statement of the problem (Click here to sign in)
Here is a downloadable template followed by a sample statement of the problem exclusively for signed-in users that has been created using the above template - 
Step 1 (Statement 1): Describe a goal or desired state of a given situation, phenomenon etc. This will build the ideal situation (what should be, what is expected or desired)
Step 2 (Statement 2): Describe a condition that prevents the goal, state, or value discussed in Step 1 from being achieved or realized at the present time. This will build the reality or the situation as it is and establish a gap between what ought to be and what is.
Step 3: Connect steps 1 and 2 using a connecting term such as "but," "however," “unfortunately,” or “in spite of.”
Step 4 (Statement 3): Using specific details, show how the situation in step 2 contains little promise of improvement unless something is done. Then emphasize the benefits of research by projecting the consequences of possible solutions.
Here are some examples of how you can write a statement of the problem using the steps mentioned above:
Example 2
Step 1 (Statement 1)
The government of Kenya has a goal to industrialize the nation by the year 2030 (quote). In this regard it has encouraged growth-oriented micro and small enterprises (MSEs) that should graduate into medium and large enterprises capable of contributing to the industrialization goal. There are several sessional papers (quote/cite) that contain specific measures to encourage and support MSEs.
Step 2 and 3 (Statement 2)
Despite the said government efforts, there is slow growth of micro into small enterprises and even slower growth of small into medium scale enterprises (quote, show statistics). The government has officially acknowledged that there exists a “missing middle” in Kenya meaning that there is a gap between small and large enterprises in the country (cite, quote).
Step 4 (Statement 3)
Should the “missing middle” gap persist, the industrialization goal may be difficult to achieve. A need therefore arises to investigate why there is a persistent “missing middle” despite government efforts.
Example 3
Statement 1
In order to accomplish their missions, public universities need motivated workforces.
Statement 2
There are, however, frequent and severe disciplinary actions, absenteeism, as well as various forms of unrest in public universities which affect the accomplishment of the set missions. Our preliminary investigation reveals that both non-management and management staff are under motivated.
Statement 3
Without effective motivational packages and procedures, the said vices are likely to continue and retard the achievement of the universities’ missions.
Thus, there is a need to examine the public universities’ motivation systems and procedures, which is the aim of the proposed research.
Example 4
Statement 1
The Ministry of Youth is dedicated to allocating enterprise development funds to both the youth and women. These funds are made available in order to start entrepreneurial ventures that create and expand employment. (Provide relevant statistics and quote)
Statement 2
One of the main focuses of the ministry is consistency. Unfortunately, consistency in allocating funds to the next generation of recipients requires prior knowledge of previous allocations and established practices. The current continuous disbursement method does not allow for adequate analysis of previous disbursements before a current disbursement is done.
Statement 3
Continuing with this current disbursement method prevents consistency and causes decisions to become grossly political, which in turn inhibits the achievement of the goals of the funds. Developing a more informed disbursement system could help better implement the consistency focus of the ministry and at the same time help the ministry better monitor and evaluate its funds.
This proposed research aspires to explore options for a new funds disbursement system that would focus on consistency. To do this, the researcher will carry out a full stakeholder analysis and use it to propose appropriate policy interventions.
Another approach
Another way to write a statement of the problem is to use a template. Here is a simple template which might be useful for researchers:
There is a problem in ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­______________________(e.g. organization or situation where problem is occurring). Despite ___________________________(efforts to prevent or deter), _____________________(something undesirable or unexpected) is occurring (provide evidence). This problem has negatively affected_____________(victims of the problem) because_____________________________. A possible cause of this problem is ___________________________. Perhaps a study which investigates_________________ by a ___________(paradigm/method) could help resolve the situation.

Sample Statement of a Problem
An established trend in the small business start-up financing in Kenya is to establish funds. Some of these funds include the youth fund and women fund. These funds have helped improve the rate of start-ups in the country. However, after the start-up stage, the ventures start developing problems. First, they face problems in management which lead to a marketing problem and eventually to stagnation and early exit.
A study by the Institute of Development Studies (RoK, 2004) revealed that only 38% of the businesses are expanding while 58% have not added workers. According to the survey, more enterprises are likely to close in their first three years of operation. Four years later the same institute conducted another study in Central Kenya. This study revealed that 57% of small businesses are in stagnation with only 33% of them showing some level of growth.
In our current project, we propose to examine factors that have an impact on small business sustainability. We will employ both qualitative and quantitative approaches to gather both primary and secondary data and information with the objective of determining success factors for the growth of small business in Kenya.
Specifically, we shall employ the product life cycle (PLC) model to identify the needs of a small business at the various stages of the PLC.
1. RoK, (2008). Economic Survey. Nairobi, Kenya. Government Printer.
2. Nyaga C.N. (2009). Non-financial constraints hindering growth of SMEs in Kenya: The case of plastic manufacturing companies in industrial area in Nairobi county.  (A masters  research thesis, University of Nairobi).
3. Nyagah C.N. (2013). Non-financial constraints hindering growth of SME’S in Kenya: the case of plastic manufacturing companies in industrial area in Nairobi County (Doctoral dissertation).
This post is a modified version of the article Is it problem statement or statement of the problem? published on the website of Mukmik consultants. This post has been modified and republished with the permission of the author.

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Twenty things I wish I’d known when I started my PhD

Starting a PhD can be tough. Looking back, there are many things I wish I’d known at the beginning. Here, I have curated a list of advice from current PhD students and postdoctoral researchers from the Department of Zoology at my institution, the University of Oxford, UK, to aid new graduate students.

1. Maintain a healthy work–life balance by finding a routine that works for you. It’s better to develop a good balance and work steadily throughout your programme than to work intensively and burn out. Looking after yourself is key to success.

2. Discuss expectations with your supervisor. Everyone works differently. Make sure you know your needs and communicate them to your supervisor early on, so you can work productively together.

3. Invest time in literature reviews. These reviews, both before and after data collection, help you to develop your research aims and conclusions.

4. Decide on your goals early. Look at your departmental guidelines and then establish clear PhD aims or questions on the basis of your thesis requirements. Goals can change later, but a clear plan will help you to maintain focus.

5. “I don’t need to write that down, I’ll remember it” is the biggest lie you can tell yourself! Write down everything you do — even if it doesn’t work. This includes meeting notes, method details, code annotations, among other things.

6. Organize your work and workspace. In particular, make sure to use meaningful labels, so you know what and where things are. Organizing early will save you time later on.

7. It’s never too early to start writing your thesis. Write and show your work to your supervisor as you go — even if you don’t end up using your early work, it’s good practice and a way to get ideas organized in your head.

8. Break your thesis down into SMART (specific, measurable, attainable, relevant and timely) goals. You will be more productive if your to-do list reads “draft first paragraph of the results” rather than “write chapter 1”. Many small actions lead to one complete thesis.

9. The best thesis is a finished thesis. No matter how much time you spend perfecting your first draft, your work will come back covered in corrections, and you will go through more drafts before you submit your final version. Send your drafts to your supervisor sooner rather than later.

10. Be honest with your supervisor. Let them know if you don’t understand something, if you’ve messed up an experiment or if they forgot to give you feedback. The more honest you are, the better your relationship will be. Helping your supervisor to help you is key.

11. Back up your work! You can avoid many tears by doing this at least weekly.

12. Socialize with your lab group and other students. It’s a great way to discuss PhD experiences, get advice and help, improve your research and make friends.

13. Attend departmental seminars and lab-group meetings, even (or especially) when the topic is not your area of expertise. What you learn could change the direction of your research and career. Regular attendance will also be noticed.

14. Present your research. This can be at lab-group meetings, conferences and so on. Presenting can be scary, but it gets easier as you practise, and it’s a fantastic way to network and get feedback at the same time.

15. Aim to publish your research. It might not work out, but drafting articles and submitting them to journals is a great way to learn new skills and enhance your CV.

16. Have a life outside work. Although your lab group is like your work family, it’s great for your mental health to be able to escape work. This could be through sport, clubs, hobbies, holidays or spending time with friends.

17. Don’t compare yourself with others. Your PhD is an opportunity to conduct original research that reveals new information. As such, all PhD programmes are different. You just need to do what works for you and your project.

18. The nature of research means that things will not always go according to plan. This does not mean you are a bad student. Keep calm, take a break and then carry on. Experiments that fail can still be written up as part of a successful PhD.

19. Never struggle on your own. Talk to other students and have frank discussions with your supervisor. There’s no shame in asking for help. You are not alone.

20. Enjoy your PhD! It can be tough, and there will be days when you wish you had a ‘normal’ job, but PhDs are full of wonderful experiences and give you the opportunity to work on something that fascinates you. Celebrate your successes and enjoy yourself.

source: doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-07332-x

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Ongkos Hidup di Taiwan

Berikut secara umum biaya hidup di Taipei, Taiwan. Taiwan menggunakan New Taiwan Dollar (NTD/TWD) sebagai mata uang yang bila dikonversikan sekitar 400-an Rupiah untuk 1 NTD. Untuk biaya hidup sehari-hari, secara sederhana dibagi menjadi tiga yaitu tempat tinggal, makan, dan transportasi.

1. Tempat Tinggal
Sebagian besar universitas di Taiwan menyediakan asrama untuk mahasiswanya. Keuntungan terbesar tinggal di asrama adalah efisiensi pengeluaran, rata-rata biaya tinggal di asrama adalah 8.000-12.000 NTD atau sekitar 3 sampai 5 Juta Rupiah per semesternya (setiap empat bulan), bentuk asrama bervariasi, ada yang satu kamar diisi dua sampai enam orang, tergantung kebijakan masing-masing universitas. Selain murah, keuntungan tinggal di asrama adalah sosialisasi dengan mahasiswa lokal dan internasional, serta fasilitas seperti internet, mesin cuci, kamar mandi, dan vending machine yang bisa ditemukan di asrama.
Selain asrama juga bisa kost menyewa satu kamar untuk jangka waktu tertentu dengan kisaran harga sekitar 4000-8000 NTD perbulan juga bisa tinggal di apartemen dengan sewa berkisar 20.000 NTD per bulan dan bisa sharing dengan teman2 lain.

2. Makan
Untuk makan bisa memasak sendiri atau membeli di tempat makan. Memang sebagian besar asrama di kampus Taiwan tidak mengizinkan untuk memasak dalam asrama terkait keamanan. Namun tidak perlu khawatir, banyak warung Taiwan yang ramah dengan kantong mahasiswa. Bagi mahasiswa muslim, warung vegetarian menjadi alternatif cerdas, selain sehat, murah (harga 30-70 NTD / mulai Rp. 13ribuan per porsinya) dan pasti halal.
Bila rindu masakan Indonesia, jangan khawatir, ada banyak toko Indonesia seantero Taiwan. Selain menjual beragam produk seperti mie instan, bumbu masakan, camilan, dan produk sehari-hari juga makanan khas nusantara seperti nasi goreng, sate, mie ayam, dan bakso dengan harga sekitar 70-150 NTD per porsinya.

3. Transportasi Kota
Sistem transportasi di Taiwan saat ini dikenal sebagai salah satu yang terbaik di Asia, ada beragam moda transportasi umum yang dapat pembaca nikmati di sini, seperti sepeda umum, bus kota, MRT.
Ongkos bus variatif dari 5 sampai 15 NTD setiap satu kali naik bisa keliling kota. Sedang MRT bisa ditemui di Taipei dan Kaohsiung. Tiket MRT dihitung berdasaekan stasiun yang dilalui, dengan tarif dimulai dari 20 NTD. Selalu bawa kartu mahasiswa kemanapun pergi di Taiwan untuk potongan harga tiket.

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Knowledge sharing behavior and quality among workers of academic institutions in Indonesia

Authors: Saide, Trialih, R., Wei, H.L., Anugrah, W.  

While studies have highlighted the importance of knowledge sharing in organizations to help improve performance, there is still a difficulty among workers to share knowledge due to the fear of losing valuable knowledge. In this article, we present a study investigating factors that influence knowledge sharing among workers of academic institutions, specifically aiming to develop a deeper understanding of knowledge sharing practices and quality of knowledge shared. While most studies relating to aspects of knowledge management are concerned with the service industries, academic institutions have not received much attention, especially in Indonesia. We validated our measures and tested our research model using 337 respondents. We conclude that soft and hard rewards, communication skills, and enjoyment to help others are key factors that influence knowledge sharing behavior. Finally, recommendations and implications are discussed to help institutions guide their efforts to build knowledge sharing strategies.

Full Article: https://www.scopus.com/record/display.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85036536984&origin=resultslist&sort=plf-f&src=s&sid=1be4936e138fe098819727d1ed98af3c&sot=autdocs&sdt=autdocs&sl=18&s=AU-ID%2857188873069%29&relpos=4&citeCnt=1&searchTerm= 


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Sosial Media nya Akademisi / Researcher / Authors

Menarik melihat perkembangan sosial media (facebook, twitter, instagram, dll) disemua lini kehidupan. Beberapa nya menggunakan sosial media sebagai wadah untuk saling berkomunikasi satu dengan lain, mempertemukan dengan teman-teman lama lewat dunia maya, juga sebagai wadah komersil untuk jual beli online.

Singkatnya, hari ini, kaum millenials juga idealnya mulai memaksimalkan sosial media bentuk lain, saya sebut "sosial media nya researcher/forum ilmiah" untuk mendongkrak study mereka. Sosial media tersebut seperti ResearchGate, Mendelay, GoogleScholar, ORCIDid, OSF, dll.
Berikut link sosial media tersebut:

Mendelay: https://www.mendeley.com/
sekilas panduan: https://drive.google.com/file/d/13K8ZOiAIZuuCIVsLO3lL4DWdt12mem1E/view?usp=sharing

WINDOWS: https://www.mendeley.com/download-desktop/Windows/
macOS: https://www.mendeley.com/download-desktop/

Berikut materi Mendeley presentasi saya di beberapa seminar :https://drive.google.com/file/d/106dUjdX95WKa5vN2gz4HCVlNl6mo65_a/view?usp=sharing

GoogleScholar: https://scholar.google.com.tw/schhp?hl=en
sekilas panduan: https://drive.google.com/file/d/19k_OEIoTCygcCRb0aN0GsuM1txoI4ZZW/view?usp=sharing

ORCIDid: https://orcid.org/
sekilas panduan: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1TCe54uBbFSRMeji_jX_i33bryiTXRDPI/view?usp=sharing

OSF: https://osf.io/register/
sekilas panduan: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1cQhrcAr-NciCbIB5uKX51F2G7_WV2Y7F/view?usp=sharing

ResearchGate: https://www.researchgate.net/

ResearcherID: http://www.researcherid.com/Home.action

SCOPUS: https://www.scopus.com/customer/profile/display.uri

Mudah-mudahan bermanfaat untuk kemaslahan umat.

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Beasiswa Spring Semester 2019 di Kampus-Kampus Taiwan.

Buat para scholarship hunters yang ingin melanjutkan pendidikan di Taiwan, berikut PPI Taiwan lampirkan informasi beberapa universitas yang sudah membuka pendaftaran untuk Spring Semester 2019.

Sekilas mengenai beasiswa universitas, terdapat 3 jenis beasiswa yang ditawarkan setiap universitas dan setiap universitas mempunyai kebijakannya masing-masing yaitu:
1. Full Scholarship, beasiswa ini meliputi bebas uang kuliah dan mendapatkan uang saku.
2. Partial Scholarship, beasiswa ini meliputi bebas uang kuliah dan mendapatkan uang saku yang nominalnya lebih kecil dari penerima full scholarship.
3. Tuition Waiver, beasiswa ini hanya meliputi bebas uang kuliah dan tidak mendapatkan uang saku.
Persiapkan aplikasi kalian dari sekarang dan selamat berjuang. Karena kata Nelson Mandela, “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world”

Link Scholarship
Pendaftaran online
National Taipei University of Technology
National Taiwan Normal University
Tamkang University
National Taiwan University of Science and technology
National Central University
National Chiao Tung University
National Taipei University of Education
National Cheng Kung University
National TsingHua University
National Sun-Yat Zen University
National Taiwan Ocean University
Dayeh University

 sumber: https://ppitaiwan.org/2018/07/09/beasiswa-spring-semester-2019/ 
file word: https://ppitaiwan.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/Beasiswa-Taiwan-Spring-Semester-2019.docx

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Program beasiswa Taiwan merupakan beasiswa yang diiniasisi bersama oleh Kementerian Luar Negeri (MOFA), Kementerian Pendidikan (MOE), Kementerian Urusan Ekonomi (MOEA) dan Dewan Sains Nasional (NSC). Program beasiswa ini pertama kali diluncurkan pada tahun 2004. Pada tahun 2011, program beasiswa ini berkembang menjadi program Beasiswa MOFA Taiwan dan program Beasiswa MOE Taiwan yang bertujuan untuk memberikan kesempatan para pelajar dari berbagai latar belakang bidang studi untuk dapat menempuh pendidikan di Taiwan.

Program beasiswa MOFA merupakan beasiswa yang bertujuan untuk mendorong para pelajar yang memiliki prestasi akademik untuk meraih gelar akademiknya di Taiwan. Beasiswa ini juga menjadi sarana untuk membangun persahabatan dan peningkatan pertukaran budaya antara pelajar Taiwan dengan pelajar dari negara-negara lain.

Para pelajar dari negara yang memiliki hubungan diplomatik dengan Taiwan memiliki kesempatan besar untuk memperoleh beasiswa ini. Namun beasiswa ini juga memberikan kesempatan bagi para pelajar dari negara-negara yang belum memiliki hubungan diplomatik dengan Taiwan.

1. The non-degree Mandarin Language Enrichment Program (LEP)
Penerima beasiswa akan mengambil LEP maksimum 1 tahun pada institusi pengajar mandarin (Mandarin Training Centers) yang bekerja sama dengan universitas atau fakultas yang terakreditasi oleh Kementerian Pendidikan Taiwan.
2. Degree programs
Penerima beasiswa diperbolehkan untuk mendaftar pada bidang ilmu apapun untuk jenjang studi S1, S2 atau S3.
Durasi Beasiswa
a. Non-degree LEP: 1 tahun.
b. Degree programs:
  1.  Program S1: 4 tahun maksimum
  2. Program S2: 2 tahun maksimum
  3. Program S3: 4 tahun maksimum
Bantuan Dana Pendidikan
Untuk mendukung kelancaran studi, penerima beasiswa akan diberikan bantuan dana pendidikan yang diberikan meliputi sebagai berikut:
1.  Uang saku sebesar NTD 25.000 untuk LEP.
2. Uang saku sebesar NTD 30.000 untuk degree program.
3. Tiket pesawat ekonomi untuk keberangkatan 1 arah dengan tujuan ke dan dari Taiwan.
Persyaratan Pendaftar
Pelamar beasiswa harus memenuhi ketentuan sebagai berikut:
  1. Memiliki nilai akademik yang bagus, moral dan karakter yang bagus, serta tidak ada catatan kriminal.
  2. Tidak termasuk kenegaraan Republic of China (ROC) Taiwan.
  3. Tidak termasuk salah satu bagian dari kenegaraan China
  4. Tidak pernah menerima pendidikan disalah satu institusi di Taiwan pada tingkat yang sama atau LEP yang yang ingin di daftar.
  5. Bukan termasuk siswa pertukaran melalui perjanjian kerja sama antara universitas / perguruan tinggi asing dan lembaga pendidikan di Taiwan saat menerima beasiswa.
  6. Sebelumnya tidak memiliki beasiswa yang dicabut oleh lembaga pemerintah ROC atau lembaga terkait lainnya.
Hal lainnya
  1. Untuk informasi lebih lanjut, hubungi Taiwan Scholarships and Huayu Enrichment Scholarships website at https://taiwanscholarship.moe.gov.tw/
  2. MOFA website: http://www.mofa.gov.tw/
  3. Contact person: Yi-Ching Chuang
  4. https://ppitaiwan.org/2018/06/18/beasiswa-mofa-taiwan/ 
Tel: +886-2-2236-8225 ext.4210,4211 or 4212
Fax: +886-2-2236-8593
Emai1: ivanc@cc.shu.edu.tw
Periode Pendaftaran
Periode pendaftaran beasiswa pada tanggal 1 Februari 1 sampai 31 Maret.

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Knowledge Management Support for Enterprise Resource Planning Implementation

Authors: Saide and Mahendrawathi

This study addresses the issues of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), Knowledge Management (KM) and SECI model (socialization, externalization, combination, internalization). Various research have highlighted the importance of knowledge of ERP users for successful ERP implementation, however a major obstacle from the perspective of integration or knowledge transfer cycle still exists. The main problem in ERP implementation is the difficult integration of tacit (embedded) and explicit knowledge cause most of this knowledge are embedded in ERP external parties (such as consultants, vendors, suppliers, supervisors, experts, and other working partners). The focus of this study is to propose process for transfer knowledge from external organizations into organizations based on the model of SECI. To note that this paper is not to modify the basic model of SECI, but SECI model to making as a function of mediator between the external and internal ERP system implementation in company. The authors used a systematic literature review approach, starts with literature review, problems identification, selection process, assess, synthesize and write down the ideas proposed, and then make conclusions. Finally, the output of this research is a new model (schematic and technical) of the process and transfer knowledge order to maintain and re-use assets from external knowledge obtained during the pre to post ERP implementation to be used jointly by the company.

Full article: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877050915036315 

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Literature Reviews and the Review Process: An Editor-in-Chief’s Perspective

This article orginally written by Murray E. Jennex (2015)

Here I just highlight the main keywords of this article. Lamb (2013) defines the literature review as a review of secondary sources documented in text that considers the critical points of current knowledge, including substantive findings and theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. 

The University of Arizona (2011) notes that the literature review has two purposes. The first is to justify the review by showing there are gaps of knowledge that are worthy of closer investigation, that the contribution is original, that the research has been approached in a rigorous manner, and whether existing research contradicts or supports the research approach. The second is to develop an argument by showing an understanding of the critical literature, identifying issues, and framing the research into what is known, what remains to be learned, and how the research will contribute. Dennis and Valacich (2001) summarize the literature review’s purpose as identifying theory that can be used to explain findings and conduct the research. Dennis and Valachich (2001) also identify the top two ways of getting rejected by a quality journal as avoiding theory in favor of summarizing prior research and omitting key papers from the literature review. As such, as these sources indicate, the literature review is more than just summarizes the literature—it also frames the research in theory. This is important to understand because it shows that the literature review is a very important part of research and not just something that we are required to do.

What impacts the quality of literature reviews? I have reviewed many reviews and offer the following observed reasons that I’ve deduced from the reviewer comments to answer this question:
1. Literature reviews of convenience: these literature reviews are usually done by authors who do not have immediate access to all the relevant papers. I commonly observed such papers occur when a paper’s literature review contained papers from only one or a few relevant journals, usually the open access journals or those journals available through online repositories. Authors commonly respond to this issue by saying that their university cannot pay for access.
2. Weak search criteria: these literature reviews are usually done by authors who want to ensure that they are doing new work. I commonly observed such papers occur with students and new/junior
academics/researchers and with search criteria that were not consistent with the logical breakdown of the subject being examined (e.g., using partial ontology such as knowledge transfer and not associated terms such as knowledge flow or knowledge sharing, or using new names for constructs that already have agreed- on ontology such as a knowledge management repository system rather than the common term knowledge management system).
3. Artificial search criteria: these literature reviews are usually done by authors who want to limit the number of papers they need to include in the literature review. I have observed such papers in several cases with no discernable pattern for its use. These literature reviews are characterized by constrained search criteria (examples include search criteria that only look at journals in the AIS Senior Scholar basket, search criteria that are regionally constrained such as search criteria that only look for papers in South Africa papers written in a language other than the language of the journal such as Chinese, or search criteria that only look at quantitative papers instead of also qualitative papers that use quantitative measures).
4. Not going to the source: these literature reviews are done by authors who may not know better than to use original papers or who do not have access to them. This is rapidly becoming a major issue due to the open source movement and the Internet. Reviewers who understand seminal works and key concepts typically identify this issue. These literature reviews cite a paper that cites another paper instead of finding the source document (e.g., an example would be citing Jennex (xxxx) for a point made by Alavi and Leidner (xxxx) because the author has the Jennex paper but not the Alavi and Leidner paper). This issue is potentially the most damaging because it causes authors to not build on the existing body of knowledge and can potentially damage colleagues by not giving the appropriate credit where it is due. The issue is becoming more prevalent due to authors citing Wikipedia instead of the source citation, authors citing an edited book’s editor instead of the chapter’s author, or authors who cite an open source paper instead of the cited source in the document. I suspect that this could also be an issue with journals in other languages due to translation errors or lack of knowledge on how to cite properly by the translator.
5. Not understanding the source: these literature reviews usually do a good job of summarizing the literature but fail to synthesize it or, even worse, incorrectly synthesize the knowledge in the source. Reasons for these literature misinterpretations vary and many may be due to translation issues for non-native English speakers. Of course there are other literature review issues but the above five account for the vast majority that I have seen.

I recommend that editors should:
- Not burden reviewers with reviewing unacceptable or low-quality literature reviews: desk reject the paper and explain what it is expected for the literature review to the author(s). 
- Assist authors in finding appropriate literature from their journal and encourage reviewers to suggest their own papers if they are relevant as Jennex (2009) suggests.
- Be aware of the journals in their field so that they can ensure authors are covering them. 
- Do not automatically accept the reasons of the practical screen (Okoli & Schabram, 2010) for limiting literature reviews. Require authors to explain why applying the practical screen is acceptable and ensure reviewers concur.
- Include guidance and best practice for performing literature reviews in the guide to authors. 
- Include standards and expectations for literature reviews in the guide to authors.

Lastly, I recommend that reviewers should:
- Not perform the literature review for the author: it is okay to tell the author to do their job. 
- Understand the ontology of the field and ensure that the methodology used to perform the literature review is appropriate.
- If authors are applying a practical screen, ensure that the reasons used to justify it are reasonable and acceptable.
- Recommend a strategy for doing the literature review when there are significant issues with it. 
- Recommend your own work when it is relevant; build the body of knowledge as per Jennex (2009). - Ensure the critical papers in the field are reviewed as appropriate (Dennis & Valachich, 2001). 
- Ensure that authors synthesize the literature and demonstrate correct understanding of it; expect more than a summary of papers (Dennis & Valachich, 2001).
- Not consider the literature review as just something that needs to be done: it is an important part of research and ultimately the goal is to further the body of knowledge.

source:  http://aisel.aisnet.org/cais/vol36/iss1/8

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How to Select a Research Topic

Selecting a Topic

The ability to develop a good research topic is an important skill. An instructor may assign you a specific topic, but most often instructors require you to select your own topic of interest. When deciding on a topic, there are a few things that you will need to do:
  • brainstorm for ideas
  • choose a topic that will enable you to read and understand the literature
  • ensure that the topic is manageable and that material is available
  • make a list of key words
  • be flexible
  • define your topic as a focused research question
  • research and read more about your topic
  • formulate a thesis statement
Be aware that selecting a good topic may not be easy. It must be narrow and focused enough to be interesting, yet broad enough to find adequate information. Before selecting your topic, make sure you know what your final project should look like. Each class or instructor will likely require a different format or style of research project.
Use the steps below to guide you through the process of selecting a research topic.

Step 1: Brainstorm for ideas

Choose a topic that interests you. Use the following questions to help generate topic ideas.
  • Do you have a strong opinion on a current social or political controversy
  • Did you read or see a news story recently that has piqued your interest or made you angry or anxious?
  • Do you have a personal issue, problem or interest that you would like to know more about?
  • Do you have a research paper due for a class this semester?
  • Is there an aspect of a class that you are interested in learning more about?
Look at some of the following topically oriented Web sites and research sites for ideas.

  • Are you interested in current events, government, politics or the social sciences?
    • Try Washington File
  • Are you interested in health or medicine?
    • Look in Healthfinder.gov, Health & Wellness Resource Center or the National Library of Medicine
  • Are you interested in the Humanities; art, literature, music?
    • Browse links from the National Endowment for the Humanities
  • For other subject areas try:
    • the Scout Report or the New York Times/ College Web site
Write down any key words or concepts that may be of interest to you. Could these terms help be used to form a more focused research topic?
Be aware of overused ideas when deciding a topic. You may wish to avoid topics such as, abortion, gun control, teen pregnancy, or suicide unless you feel you have a unique approach to the topic. Ask the instructor for ideas if you feel you are stuck or need additional guidance.

Step 2: Read General Background Information

  • Read a general encyclopedia article on the top two or three topics you are considering. Reading a broad summary enables you to get an overview of the topic and see how your idea relates to broader, narrower, and related issues. It also provides a great source for finding words commonly used to describe the topic. These keywords may be very useful to your later research. If you cant find an article on your topic, try using broader terms and ask for help from a librarian.
For example, the Encyclopedia Britannica Online (or the printed version of this encyclopedia, in Thompson Library's Reference Collection on Reference Table 1) may not have an article on Social and Political Implications of Jackie Robinsons Breaking of the Color Barrier in Major League Baseball but there will be articles on baseball history and on Jackie Robinson.
Browse the Encyclopedia Americana for information on your topic ideas. Notice that both online encyclopedias provide links to magazine articles and Web sites. These are listed in the left or the right margins.
  • Use periodical indexes to scan current magazine, journal or newspaper articles on your topic. Ask a librarian if they can help you to browse articles on your topics of interest.
  • Use Web search engines. Google and Bing are currently considered to be two of the best search engines to find web sites on the topic.

Step 3: Focus on Your Topic

Keep it manageable
A topic will be very difficult to research if it is too broad or narrow. One way to narrow a broad topic such as "the environment" is to limit your topic. Some common ways to limit a topic are:
  • by geographical area
Example: What environmental issues are most important in the Southwestern United States
  • by culture
Example: How does the environment fit into the Navajo world view?
  • by time frame:
Example: What are the most prominent environmental issues of the last 10 years?
  • by discipline
Example: How does environmental awareness effect business practices today?
  • by population group
Example: What are the effects of air pollution on senior citizens?
Remember that a topic may be too difficult to research if it is too:

  • locally confined - Topics this specific may only be covered in these (local) newspapers, if at all.
Example: What sources of pollution affect the Genesee County water supply?
  • recent - If a topic is quite recent, books or journal articles may not be available, but newspaper or magazine articles may. Also, Web sites related to the topic may or may not be available.
  • broadly interdisciplinary - You could be overwhelmed with superficial information.
Example: How can the environment contribute to the culture, politics and society of the Western states?
  • popular - You will only find very popular articles about some topics such as sports figures and high-profile celebrities and musicians.
If you have any difficulties or questions with focusing your topic,discuss the topic with your instructor, or with a librarian

Step 4: Make a List of Useful Keywords

Keep track of the words that are used to describe your topic.
  • Look for words that best describe your topic
  • Look for them in when reading encyclopedia articles and background and general information
  • Find broader and narrower terms, synonyms, key concepts for key words to widen your search capabilities
  • Make note of these words and use them later when searching databases and catalogs

Step 5: Be Flexible

It is common to modify your topic during the research process. You can never be sure of what you may find. You may find too much and need to narrow your focus, or too little and need to broaden your focus. This is a normal part of the research process. When researching, you may not wish to change your topic, but you may decide that some other aspect of the topic is more interesting or manageable.
Keep in mind the assigned length of the research paper, project, bibliography or other research assignment. Be aware of the depth of coverage needed and the due date. These important factors may help you decide how much and when you will modify your topic. You instructor will probably provide specific requirements, if not the table below may provide a rough guide:
Assigned Length of Research Paper or Project Suggested guidelines for approximate number and types of sources needed
1-2 page paper 2-3 magazine articles or Web sites
3-5 page paper 4-8 items, including book, articles (scholarly and/or popular) and Web sites
Annotated Bibliography 6-15 items including books, scholarly articles, Web sites and other items
10-15 page research paper 12-20 items, including books, scholarly articles, web sites and other items

Step 6: Define Your Topic as a Focused Research Question

You will often begin with a word, develop a more focused interest in an aspect of something relating to that word, then begin to have questions about the topic.
For example:
Ideas = Frank Lloyd Wright or modern architecture
Research Question = How has Frank Lloyd Wright influenced modern architecture?
Focused Research Question = What design principles used by Frank Lloyd Wright are common in contemporary homes?

Step 7: Research and Read More About Your Topic

Use the key words you have gathered to research in the catalog, article databases, and Internet search engines. Find more information to help you answer your research question.
You will need to do some research and reading before you select your final topic. Can you find enough information to answer your research question? Remember, selecting a topic is an important and complex part of the research process.

Step 8: Formulate a Thesis Statement

Write your topic as a thesis statement. This may be the answer to your research question and/or a way to clearly state the purpose of your research. Your thesis statement will usually be one or two sentences that states precisely what is to be answered, proven, or what you will inform your audience about your topic.
The development of a thesis assumes there is sufficient evidence to support the thesis statement.
For example, a thesis statement could be: Frank Lloyd Wright's design principles, including his use of ornamental detail and his sense of space and texture opened a new era of American architecture. His work has influenced contemporary residential design.
The title of your paper may not be exactly the same as your research question or your thesis statement, but the title should clearly convey the focus, purpose and meaning of your research.
For example, a title could be: Frank Lloyd Wright: Key Principles of Design For the Modern Home
Remember to follow any specific instructions from your instructor.

reference: https://www.umflint.edu/library/how-select-research-topic 

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